Friday, 9 February 1990
Even Margaret Thatcher described the unification of Germany as âoeprobableâ? before the House of Commons yesterday. Charles Powell, my counterpart in No.10 Downing Street, completely explains to me Thatcherâs attitude to Germany in a three-hour conversation. She belongs to a different generation from himself and is still marked by the time when there was a âoecultural gapâ? between Great Britain and Germany. She feels uneasy at the thought of a big strong Germany.
For her, the consequences of the unification of Germany are therefore decisive. She wants the Soviet Union to be included. Powell describes the relations between Thatcher and Gorbachev as being of such a special sort. Therefore she desires a conference of the Four Powers with the participation of both German states. With this four-plus-two-dialogue, German unity should be embedded in the new European order.
Especially important for her are the effects on NATO, which would no longer have significance without Germany. The financial consequences for the EC also cause her concern. She advocates a CSCE summit, though it should not become a substitute peace conference. Semi-officially, Powell reports, the Soviet leadership has sounded her out about the neutralisation of a united Germany, but she decidedly rejects this. A conversation with the Federal Chancellor is desirable. She hates telephone conversations.