Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the PM's files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

Chancellor of the Exchequer's Private Office files, 1979-89

1979-89: Chancellor's Private Office files [links to hundreds of digitised files from the Chancellorships of Sir Geoffrey Howe and Nigel Lawson]

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

File name Title Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classificationsort descending Pages
PREM19/295 Middle East (Situation in the Middle East) (Part 2) 1979 Sep 21 1980 May 9 2010 Dec 30 Secret 250
PREM19/3099 Nationalised Industries (Gas and electricity pricing policy: privatisation of the electricity supply industry) (Part 19) 1990 May 1 1990 Nov 15 2016 Dec 30 8 Secret 260
PREM19/2342 National Health (Expenditure and efficiency in the National Health Service (NHS): NHS Review; draft White Paper) (Part 16) 1988 Nov 16 1988 Dec 16 2016 Nov 7 Secret 313
PREM19/3782 Government Machinery (The way forward: the direction of future government policy; medium-term objectives) (Part 2) 1990 Apr 2 1992 Nov 27 2017 Dec 29 Secret 359
PREM19/1327 Nationalised industries (Nationalised industry policy; financial control; overseas role; Nationalised Industries Bill) (Part 8) 1983 Jan 5 1984 May 31 2014 Jan 3 Secret 235
PREM19/170 Economic policy (Privatization) (Part 3) 1980 Feb 11 1980 Oct 29 2010 Dec 30 Secret 182
PREM19/1201 Economic policy (International banking system) (Part 4) 1984 Mar 5 1984 Dec 31 2014 Jan 3 Secret 464
PREM19/2185 Germany (Prime Minister's meetings with Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Germany: Prime Minister's visit with Kohl to British Forces Germany; part 6. Note:Â With map) (Part 6) 1986 Aug 21 1987 Sep 12 2016 Jul 21 Secret 210
PREM19/735 Energy (Energy policy; nuclear power policy; fast reactor policy; Sizewell Inquiry; oil depletion policy) (Part 7) 1982 Jan 26 1982 Oct 14 2012 Dec 28 Secret 255
PREM19/2447 Prime Minister's Tours Abroad (Prime Minister's visit to Italy for Anglo-Italian Summit, October 1988: administrative arrangements) 1987 Dec 21 1988 Oct 20 2016 Nov 7 9 Secret 66
PREM19/263 Industrial policy (Industrial relations law) (Part 4) 1980 Feb 14 1980 Apr 11 2010 Dec 30 Secret 215
PREM19/951 Argentina (Falklands) (Part 33) 1983 Mar 3 1983 Apr 30 2013 Aug 1 9 Secret 322
PREM19/1295 Italy (MT’s visits to Italy; Anglo-Italian Summits) (Part 2) 1980 Oct 29 1984 Feb 2 2014 Jan 3 1 Secret 283
PREM19/2307 Local Government (Future of the rating system; rating revaluation; Community Charge) (Part 8) 1987 Aug 3 1987 Nov 12 2016 Feb 19 Secret 262
PREM19/1169 Argentina (Falklands) (Part 38) 1984 Sep 3 1984 Oct 31 2014 Jan 3 Secret 262

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