Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the PM's files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

Chancellor of the Exchequer's Private Office files, 1979-89

1979-89: Chancellor's Private Office files [links to hundreds of digitised files from the Chancellorships of Sir Geoffrey Howe and Nigel Lawson]

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

File name Title Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classificationsort descending Pages
PREM19/1423 Canada (UK/Canadian relations: patriation of the Canadian constitution) (Part 5) 1982 Feb 11 1985 Jun 14 2014 Dec 30 Secret 263
PREM19/52 European policy (European Council, Dublin Nov 1979) (Part 2) 1979 Oct 19 1979 Dec 7 2009 Dec 30 Secret 300
PREM19/400 Civil service (Pay and pensions: public sector pay policy; Civil Service pay dispute; industrial action) (Part 3) 1981 Mar 2 1981 Apr 15 2011 Dec 30 Secret 211
PREM19/616 Argentina (Falklands) (Part 5) 1982 Apr 8 1982 Apr 11 2012 Dec 28 Secret 216
PREM19/957 Argentina (Falkland Islands Review Committee (chaired by Lord Franks): documentation used by Prime Minister in preparation for 25-26 January 1983 debate in House of Commons on Committee's report) 1983 Jan 14 1983 Jan 26 2013 Aug 1 Secret 140
PREM19/3827 Israel (Visits to the UK by Israeli Foreign Ministers) 1986 Sep 15 1992 Sep 8 2017 Dec 29 8 Secret 179
PREM19/3220 Barbados (Calls on the Prime Minister by Prime Ministers of Barbados, Tom Adams and his successor Erskine Sandiford) 1980 Apr 22 1991 Jun 26 2017 Jul 20 1 Secret 122
PREM19/3219 Australia (Call on the Prime Minister by Bill Hayden, Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, May 1984; meeting with John Howard, Leader of the Australian Opposition, July 1988) 1981 Jan 19 1991 Aug 14 2017 Jul 20 Secret 60
PREM19/1176 Civil service (Long-term management and manpower policy; Civil Service manpower; senior management programme; financial management in government departments; unified grading) (Part 16) 1984 Jul 2 1984 Nov 30 2014 Jan 3 Secret 425
PREM19/147 Civil Service (Long-term management and manpower policy: efficiency of central government; Civil Service manpower; Sir Derek Rayner’s recommendations for reforms) (Part 1) 1980 Mar 10 1980 Apr 10 2010 Dec 30 Secret 162
PREM19/494 Industrial policy (National Union of Mineworkers (NUM): structure and procedures, and leading personalities; likely tactics in pay negotiations) 1980 Mar 17 1981 Oct 27 2011 Dec 30 Secret 40
PREM19/3422 Local Government (Future of the rating system: rating revaluation; Community Charge) (Part 21) 1990 Nov 1 1990 Dec 29 2017 Jul 20 Secret 356
PREM19/21 Economic policy (Public Spending) (Part 4) 1979 Sep 6 1979 Sep 28 2009 Dec 30 Secret 106
PREM19/710 Economic policy (Strategy) (Part 14) 1982 Feb 22 1982 Mar 26 2012 Dec 28 Secret 327
PREM19/3624 Canada (Calls on the Prime Minister by the Premiers of Canadian Provinces) 1979 Aug 6 1992 Feb 7 2017 Dec 29 Secret 90

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