Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the PM's files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

Chancellor of the Exchequer's Private Office files, 1979-89

1979-89: Chancellor's Private Office files [links to hundreds of digitised files from the Chancellorships of Sir Geoffrey Howe and Nigel Lawson]

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

File name Title Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld?sort descending File classification Pages
PREM19/1602 Prime Minister (Prime Minister's meeting with Field Marshal Sir Edwin Bramall, retiring Chief of the Defence Staff) 1982 Sep 7 1985 Nov 2 2014 Dec 30
PREM19/927 Sport (Sporting relations with Argentina; possible withdrawal of UK teams from Football World Cup 1982) 1982 Apr 29 1982 Aug 25 2012 Dec 28 Secret 19
PREM19/591 Security (Security of the Secret Services; Chapman Pincher's book on penetration of security and intelligence services, 'Their Trade is Treachery'; Prime Minister's statement in Parliament) (Part 1) 1979 May 8 1981 Aug 12 Retained Retained Sec 3.4
PREM19/251 Greece (Sale of coal fired power station) 1980 Sep 12 1980 Dec 29 2010 Dec 30 Confidential 128
PREM19/4009 Australia (UK/Australian relations: internal situation)(Part 3) 1990 Jan 7 1993 Jul 19 2018 Jul 24
PREM19/3482 Prime Minister (Prime Minister's meeting with Mother Teresa, 13 April 1988) 1988 Apr 1 1991 May 23 2017 Jul 20 Restricted 45
PREM19/2653 Environmental Affairs (Environmental policy: environmental pollution: climate change; London Conference on Saving the Ozone Layer, March 1989) (Part 7) 1989 Jan 30 1989 Feb 28 2016 Dec 30
PREM19/2117 Education (General policy on education and education expenditure: future of polytechnics; funding regime for schools) (Part 10) 1986 Nov 3 1986 Dec 23 2016 Jul 21 Secret and Personal 254
PREM19/2758 Legal Procedure (The jury system in Britain) 1988 Oct 27 1989 Jan 3 2016 Dec 30
PREM19/1880 Parliament (Legislative programme) (Part 14) 1985 Jun 3 1986 Apr 30 2016 Jul 21
PREM19/1520 Home Affairs (Review of the law on public order: Green Paper) (Part 1) 1980 Mar 26 1985 Jan 30 2014 Dec 30 Confidential 323
PREM19/1184 Defence (Arms control) (Part 5) 1983 Dec 8 1984 Dec 14 2014 Jan 3 Secret 274
PREM19/847 National health (Pay in the National Health Service (NHS); possibility of industrial action; strike by ambulance men) (Part 1) 1979 May 31 1982 Aug 31 2012 Dec 28 Secret 109
PREM19/511 Japan (Visit to UK by Japanese Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki, June 1981: meetings with Prime Minister) 1981 Apr 6 1981 Jul 13 2011 Dec 30 Confidential 119
PREM19/171 Economic policy (Strategy) (Part 4) 1979 Oct 12 1980 Jan 30 2010 Dec 30 Secret 220

Pages