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Previous|Next|Items 1 – 89 of 89Per page: 20100500
Date Category Type Value Author/Source Title
88 Sep 15 Th Archive PDF Key Archive (TNA) China: Cradock minute for MT ("China: position of Zhao Ziyang") [rumours his position under threat, but UKE in Beijing thinks it remains strong; Cradock thinks reform likely to slow down] [declassified 2016]
89 Feb 9 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA memorandum ("China: Potential for Political Crisis") [vulnerability of Zhao Ziyang] [declassified 2000]
89 Apr 11 Tu Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Intelligence telegram ("Internal friction among top political leaders in China") [Li Peng on Zhao Ziyang: "I don't see how a person who is always playing golf can know anything"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Apr 19 We Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA telegram ("China: student protests escalate") [will probably sharpen dissension within leadership, "may further weaken" Zhao Ziyang] [declassified 2001]
89 Apr 19 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("China: student protests") ["an escalation of student protests will most likely trigger a government crackdown"] [declassified ?2014]
89 May 15 Mo Chronology Full Text Major [Chronology] China: massive demonstrations in Tiananmen Square during Gorbachev visit
89 May 19 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("China - students demonstrating for democracy") ["military will likely be used to restore order"] [declassified ?2014]
89 May 20 Sa Archive PDF Key Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("Chinese Internal Situation") [US believes "Chinese Government has decided that there is no way to avoid bloodshed"] [declassified 2016]
89 May 22 Mo Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: State Department memcon (Secretary Baker-Chairman Wan Li) [Wan Li: "restoration of stability" necessary for reform and opening outward] [declassified 1996]
89 May 23 Tu Archive PDF Minor Archive (Bush Library) Cold War, China: White House memcon (Bush-Wan Li) [Bush: Wan Li visit "very constructive - and friendly - for the bilateral relationship"] [partially declassified 2009]
89 Jun 2 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: stalemate continues") [hard-liners still unable to resolve leadership crisis or end demonstrations] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 3 Sa Chronology Full Text Key [Chronology] China: Tiananmen Square massacre
89 Jun 3 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.27") ["Martial law with Chinese characteristics"] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 3 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.28") ["10-15,000 armed troops stopped at city perimeter by human and bus barricades"; not yet permitted to use force, but armed for it] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 3 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: State telegram to USE Beijing ("Sitrep No.1, 1730 EDT, 6/3/89") ["PLA moves on Tiananmen. Casualties high"; Chinese Ambassador summoned] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 3 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: Police use tear gas on crowds") [army forced back; octogenerians summoned up by Deng active in leadership] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 4 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.33") ["June 4 afternoon and [?evening]"; tanks, APCs and trucks moving towards Tiananmen] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 4 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: troops open fire") [reports of deaths between 180 and 500] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 4 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: State telegram to USE Beijing ("China Task Force Situation Report No.3 - Situatuon as of 1700 EDT, 6/4/89") [Beijing - "The PLA is mopping up isolated resistance"] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 4 Su Speeches PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: MT statement ("Statement on recent events in Peking") ["deeply shocked by the news from Peking and appalled by the indiscriminate shooting of unarmed people"]
89 Jun 4 Su Speeches PDF Minor Archive (TNA) China: FCO statement (emergency unit set up) ["our paramount concern at the present time is for the safety and well-being of British nationals"]
89 Jun 4 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: William Clark memorandum to Secretary Baker ("Administration response to events in Beijing") [case for President announcing "a strong, balanced reaction as soon as possible"] [declassified 1991]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Major Archive (Bush Library) China: White House telcon (MT-President Bush) [US & UK policy after Tiananmen Square crackdown] [declassified 2010]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: after the bloodbath") ["troops fired indiscriminately into crowds of unarmed civilians, including women and children, often with automatic weapons"] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Key Archive (TNA) China: No.10 record of conversation (MT-President Bush) [Tiananmen Square] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("China Internal: Possible Evacuation") [MT: "In view of our special position with H.K. I think we should get out the students and others as fast as we can"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Key Archive (TNA) China: No.10 minute for MT ('China') [situation developing "very fast", possible UK measures; "you can probably afford to step up further your condemnation of what is happening"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Minor Archive (US State Dept) China: State Department log (events 11.13-16.18) [US Ambassador "urgently requests that evacuation be authorised, not ordered, for government dependents only from Beijing and Shanghai only"] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 5 Mo Commentary PDF Major Commentary (The Times) China: "Thatcher tells of Britain's shock over the bloodbath" (statements by party leaders) ["Thousand feared dead as tanks crush heroic resistance"]
89 Jun 5 Mo Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("Crisis in Beijing") ["Xiaoping reportedly dead; President Shangkun orchestrates military crackdown"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jun 6 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.35") ["June 6, 0500 hours", troop movements & sporadic gunfire in Beijing overnight 5/6 June] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 6 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: descent into chaos") [press report clashes between PLA armies, attempted assassination of Premier Li Peng, troops poised to enter Shanghai] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 6 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Moscow to FCO ("China Internal: Statement by Congress of People's Deputies") ["the events happening in China are an internal affair of the country"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 6 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("Martial law and public security") [police divided, unreliable, untrained; ordered off the streets when martial law declared, army preferred] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.37") ["June 7, 1900 hours", troops rotating out of Beijing fire on diplomatic compound; US Ambassador meets Vice FM Zhu] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: tense standoff continues") [few if any significant engagements between PLA units, despite press reports; stories of Deng's illness or death untrue] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Washington to FCO ("US/China") [Bush response "widely supported on the Hill and in the media … has successfully pre-empted (for now) pressure to go further"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("China Internal: Evacuation") [informal evacuation of all dependants and some non-essential staff on a voluntary basis] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Washington to FCO ("US/China") [intelligence community has no collateral of PLA in-fighting "although there is plenty of evidence that some units … have stayed aloof from the crackdown"; "CIA see no evidence that an alternative mililtary leadership is emerging", therefore wary of press speculation China on verge of civil war] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 7 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("China: relations worsening") [strains in PRC relations with US; random firing by PLA at diplomatic compound; Fang Lizhi] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jun 8 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: No.10 letter to FCO (possible meeting between PM & Chinese students) [seeks advice, draft; MT feels she should see them for 20 minutes] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 9 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("Beijing Military Situation - am 09 Jun") ["the population are now more fearful than defiant"; arrests; "no evidence of PLA fighting PLA"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 9 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: uneasy calm") ["a surface calm returned to Beijing and other major cities yesterday"] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 9 Fr Archive PDF Minor Archive (TNA) China: FCO emergency unit minute ("Sitrep No.6: 1800 on 9 June") [Deng shown on tv for first time since operation started; student leaders being rounded up; evactuation arrangements] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 9 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: Cradock minute for Powell ("China: Developments on 9 June") [Deng's tv appearance; authorities in Shangai showing "considerable restraint"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 10 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: mixed signals on purge") [Deng speech] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 10 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: State Department intelligence brief ("Current situation in China: background and prospects") [final break between Zhao and Deng] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 10 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("China Internal: Deng Xiaoping's Address on 9 June") ["highly likely to mean a more minimalist definition of reform"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 11 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (Bush Library) China, etc: White House telcon (MT-President Bush) [Bush "trying to preserve the relationship with China while speaking out against abuses"; Poland] [partially declassified 2009]
89 Jun 11 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.49") ["June 12, 0500 local", arrest warrant issued for Fang Lizhi & wife] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 11 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("Sino-British relations after 4 June repression") [argues against drastic steps] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 11 Su Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("China Internal: Political background to recent events") [Deng "rooted in his own generation … the limits of his vision have been exposed"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 14 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: back to business but the crackdown continues") [leaders appearing in public in large numbers, to show unity and control] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 15 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (Bush Library) Cold War: White House telcon (Bush-Kohl) [Gorbachev] [declassified 1999]
89 Jun 15 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: accusation over Fang Lizhi") [China escalates confrontation with US] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 17 Sa Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("Military region commanders") [possible role] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jun 19 Mo Archive PDF Minor Archive (TNA) China: No.10 letter to FCO (message from Sakharov) [seeks draft reply by 3 July] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 21 We Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Washington to FCO ("US/China") [additional modest US measures announced "to preempt further Congressional criticism" following Shanghai executions] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 21 We Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: Secretary of State's Morning Summary ("China: swift 'justice'") [Shanghai death sentences upheld] [declassified 1993]
89 Jun 22 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("What happened on the night of 3/4 June?") [analysis suggests "the massacre took place on Changan Avenue and other of Beijing's main thoroughfares rather than in Tiananmen Square itself"] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 22 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Eyewtiness Chinese account of June 4) ["PLA tank crushing 11 students and related early morning events in Tiananmen Square"] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 22 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("Personal for Private Secretary") ["unwise political risk" for let Sir Hal Miller MP make early visit to Beijing] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 23 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: No.10 letter to Chinese students in UK (PM unable to attend memorial meeting) [arrangements to meet group] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 27 Tu Speeches PDF Major Archive (AEI) EC: Madrid European Council (Presidency Conclusions)
89 Jun 27 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: USE Beijing telegram to State ("Sitrep No.65") ["June 27, 1700 local", 'measured' Chinese response to US military sanctions] [declassified 1996]
89 Jun 27 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: Powell briefing for MT ("Meeting with Chinese students" [explain "our very firm and forthright reaction"; address their personal concerns] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 29 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKA Beijing minute ("China/EC Relations") [Madrid European Council declaration & Chinese riposte] [declassified 2016]
89 Jun 29 Th Archive PDF Key Archive (US State Dept) China: White House/State Department memorandum ("Themes") [paper for Scowcroft/Eagleburger secret mission to Beijing] [declassified 1998]
89 Jun 30 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA memorandum ("China: Political Crackdown Still the Priority") [Jiang Zemin's first speech as General Secretary] [declassified 1999]
89 Jul 4 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("China Internal: Rectification and leadership") [68th anniversary of CCP used to place "renewed stress on party building"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jul 5 We Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("Chinese Military Attaché comments on situation in China") ["Deng Xiaoping is in firm control"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jul 12 We Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA memorandum ("China: Trying To Calm Troubled Waters in Hong Kong") [Chinese PR campaign in HK, but local doubts will persist] [declassified 1998]
89 Jul 13 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (Bush Library) Cold War, China: White House memcon (Bush-Mitterrand) [Mitterrand: "Gorbachev detested the Chinese course and felt threatened by it"] [declassified 2009]
89 Jul 14 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (Bush Library) China, etc: White House memcon (MT-President Bush) [Poland; China; Middle East] [partially declassified 2009]
89 Jul 18 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKHC Singapore to FCO ("Call on Lee Kuan Yew. Situation in Hong Kong/China") [recent events "a disaster for China"; sceptical collective leadership can be restored; Zhao Ziyang's miscalculations] [declassified 2016]
89 Jul 19 We Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Washington to FCO ("US/China/Hong Kong: Congressional proposals for further US measures") [expressing US "concern about the absence of guarantees of fair direct elections and human rights in the Joint Declaration"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jul 21 Fr Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("Apprehension about bombs on CAAC flights") ["Each day everyone seems to have a new horror story about China"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Jul 21 Fr Archive PDF Major Archive (TNA) China: UKE Beijing to FCO ("Chinese Foreign Policy") ["Behind resolute words, hints of Chinese worry over Western sanctions and difficulty in retaliating"] [declassified 2016]
89 Jul 27 Th Archive PDF Major Archive (US State Dept) China: State Department intelligence brief ("China: aftermath of the crisis - IRR No.210") ["temporary victory by hardliners"] [declassified 1996]
89 Aug 2 We Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA memorandum ("China-Hong Kong-UK: Negotiations To Resume") [news "will buoy local confidence temporarily at most"] [declassified 1999]
89 Aug 8 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("Chinese riot control police units") [PLA used to suppress uprising because authorities lacked riot control units; "brute force … ended in the massacre of many Chinese demonstrators"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Aug 15 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram ("Special assessment for customers of DIA NADA INTSUM") [overview of events April-June 1989] [declassified ?2014]
89 Aug 29 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (CIA) China: CIA research paper ("The Road to the Tiananmen Crackdown") ["An Analytic Chronology of Chinese Leadership Decision Making"] [declassified 2000]
89 Aug 31 Th Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("Disposition of Tiananmen Square victims") [medical staff defying government by refusing to release corpses until positive identification by next of kin] [declassified ?2014]
89 Oct 3 Tu Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("conditions in Beijing under martial law as of 10 August 1989") ["appears very calm … the martial law forces guarding the square looked sharp"] [declassified ?2014]
89 Oct 20 Fr Archive PDF Minor Archive (CIA) China: CIA memorandum ("The Tiananmen Incident: A Preliminary Look at its Impact on S&T Modernization in China") [science & technology relationships strained] [declassified 2000]
89 Nov 15 We Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("PLAAF aircraft used to transfer foreign exchange to Bank of China's Shanghai branch in June 1989") [bank run following Tiananmen crackdown] [declassified ?2014]
89 Nov 27 Mo Archive PDF Minor Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Joint Staff telegram ("The new MC leadership - a postmortem analysis") [rise of Jiang Zemin] [declassified ?2014]
90 Apr 17 Tu Archive PDF Major Archive (US Dept of Defense) China: Defense Intelligence Agency HQ telegram (anniversary of Tiananmen Square demonstrations) [square open to suggest normalcy; tension in Hong Kong] [declassified ?2014]
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