Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

Link to full file File name Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classification Pages Link to selectionssort ascending
PREM19/1331 Nationalised industries (Coal mines) (Part 10) 1984 Jun 1 1984 Jul 18 2014 Jan 3 Secret 317
PREM19/1330 Nationalised industries (Coal mines) (Part 9) 1984 Apr 3 1984 May 31 2014 Jan 3 Secret 270
PREM19/1329 Nationalised industries (Coal mines) (Part 8) 1983 May 4 1984 Mar 30 2014 Jan 3 Secret 301
PREM19/1315 Middle East (Arms sales and military assistance to Middle Eastern countries) (Part 3) 1982 Oct 13 1984 Oct 22 2014 Sep 29 Secret 375
PREM19/1309 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 24) 1984 Dec 3 1984 Dec 31 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1308 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 23) 1984 Oct 2 1984 Nov 30 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1307 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 22) 1984 Aug 1 1984 Sep 27 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1306 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 21) 1984 Jun 1 1984 Jul 31 2014 Jan 3 2
PREM19/1305 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 20) 1984 Apr 3 1984 May 31 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1304 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 19) 1984 Jan 16 1984 Mar 30 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1303 Local government (Relations with central government, organisation & finance) (Part 18) 1983 Nov 4 1984 Jan 13 2014 Jan 3
PREM19/1295 Italy (MT’s visits to Italy; Anglo-Italian Summits) (Part 2) 1980 Oct 29 1984 Feb 2 2014 Jan 3 1 Secret 283
PREM19/1294 Italy (Visit to UK by President Alessandro Pertini, February 1984: meeting with Prime Minister) 1983 Jun 30 1984 May 23 2014 Jan 3 Confidential 95
PREM19/1284 Iraq (Internal situation; Iran-Iraq War; threat to Gulf oil supplies) (Part 4) 1984 Feb 16 1984 Aug 31 2014 Jan 3 Top Secret 338
PREM19/1283 Iraq (Internal situation; Iran-Iraq War; threat to Gulf oil supplies) (Part 3) 1982 Jun 28 1984 Feb 29 2014 Jan 3 1 Top Secret 361

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