Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

Link to full file File name Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classificationsort ascending Pages Link to selections
PREM19/1022 European policy (European Community budget) (Part 21) 1983 Jun 20 1983 Oct 31 Closed until 2019-01-01 Unknown
PREM19/364 Security (Policy on interception) (Part 2) 1980 Mar 21 1980 Apr 11 Retained Unknown
PREM19/372 Soviet Union (Political and propaganda use made by USSR of Moscow Olympic Games) 1980 Apr 22 1980 Apr 26 Retained Unknown
PREM19/899 Royal family (Civil List) (Part 1) 1979 Jun 7 1982 Mar 23 Retained Unknown
PREM19/85 Ireland (Information policy - correspondence with HRH Prince of Wales) 1979 Nov 16 1979 Dec 17 2020 Jan 1 Unknown
PREM19/118 Royal family (Security of HMQ during visit to Lusaka CHOGM) 1979 May 9 1979 Jul 27 Temporarily Retained by Department Unknown
PREM19/607 Defence (Nuclear release procedures; understandings between the USA and UK on use of nuclear weapons and bases) (Part 2) 1980 Apr 29 1981 Mar 9 Retained Unknown
PREM19/1125 Royal family (Prince of Wales' article, 'Help for Self-Help', for publication in The Economist) 1983 Mar 11 1983 Mar 18 Closed until 2024-01-01 Unknown
PREM19/1183 Defence (Intelligence gathering operations) (Part 2) 1984 Oct 7 1984 Dec 6 Retained Sec 3.4 Unknown
PREM19/1020 European policy (European Community budget) (Part 19) 1982 Nov 4 1983 Jan 31 Closed until 2019-01-01 Unknown
PREM19/908 Security (Information provided to Sunday Times by a former Security Service officer) 1982 Jan 24 1982 Jan 25 Retained Sec 3.4 Unknown
PREM19/660 Argentina (Falklands) 1982 Apr 8 1982 Apr 12 Retained Unknown
PREM19/1021 European policy (European Community budget) (Part 20) 1983 Feb 2 1983 Jun 17 Closed until 2019-01-01 Unknown
PREM19/1189 Defence (Correspondence from Professor R.V. Jones) 1982 Jun 14 1984 Sep 5 Retained Sec 3.4 Unknown
PREM19/120 Security (Security of the Secret Services - Anthony Blunt) 1979 May 8 1979 Nov 23 Temporarily Retained by Department Unknown

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