Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

Link to full file File namesort descending Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classification Pages Link to selections
PREM19/367 Social Services (Taxation of short term benefits, supplementary benefits and strikers' benefits; financial treatment of strikers and their families) (Part 3) 1980 Feb 26 1980 Jul 1 2010 Dec 30 Confidential 111
PREM19/1963 Social Services (The maternity grant) 1979 Dec 21 1986 Mar 5 2016 Feb 19
PREM19/1138 Social services (Treatment of redundancy payments as income for purposes of supplementary benefit) 1983 Sep 30 1983 Nov 7 2013 Aug 1 Secret 9
PREM19/2522 Social Services (Unemployment Benefit: availability for work test; restriction of benefit payments to European Community nationals; low income statistics) (Part 5) 1986 Oct 28 1988 Nov 9 2016 Jul 21
PREM19/1637 Social Services (Unemployment benefit: benefit limit; Family Income Supplement; taxation of social security benefits, supplementary benefits and strikers' benefits) (Part 4) 1980 Jun 18 1984 Nov 26 2014 Dec 30 Confidential 201
PREM19/920 Social services (Uprating of social security benefits) (Part 1) 1979 May 17 1980 Jan 10 2012 Dec 28 Secret 79
PREM19/921 Social services (Uprating of social security benefits) (Part 2) 1980 Jan 22 1981 Apr 8 2012 Dec 28 Secret 176
PREM19/1957 Social Services (Uprating of social security benefits) (Part 3) 1982 Mar 18 1986 Oct 22 2016 Feb 19
PREM19/2856 Social Services (Uprating of social security benefits) (Part 4) 1987 May 6 1989 Sep 29 2016 Dec 30
PREM19/2858 Somalia (Visit to the UK by Major-General Mohamed Siad Barre, President of Somalia (June 1988); visit by Mohamed Ali Samatar, Prime Minister of Somalia (January 1989)) 1982 Mar 4 1989 Apr 25 2016 Dec 30
PREM19/923 South Africa (Internal situation) (Part 2) 1980 Sep 8 1982 Oct 21 2012 Dec 28 Secret 212
PREM19/1391 South Africa (Internal situation) (Part 3) 1982 Dec 9 1984 Sep 30 2014 Jan 3 1
PREM19/371 South Africa (Internal situation) Part 1 1979 Jun 18 1980 Aug 27 2010 Dec 30 Secret 235
PREM19/1967 South Africa (Internal situation) (Part 10. Orderable at item level) 1986 Jun 1 1986 Jun 30 2016 Feb 19 6
PREM19/1968 South Africa (Internal situation) (Part 11) 1986 Jul 1 1986 Jul 15 2016 Feb 19 3

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