Archive

Large scale document archive

MT's official files as Prime Minister, 1979-90

MT's official files as PM can be read on this site as they are released, in full and free to all - the confidential files originally stored at No.10, the core record of her premiership.

This is the first time in Britain - in fact as far as we can tell, in any country - that the declassified archive of a head of government has ever been published in full, paper or online.

The files have been copied at the British National Archives (TNA) at Kew in London and can be downloaded precisely as they appear in the reading room.

We are doing something more to help people make sense of this mass of information. The files are subject-based, logically enough, but that system makes it difficult to reconstruct the flow of paper across the Prime Minister’s desk at any point in time, depriving us of a sense of context and cross-winds, some of them overwhelming.

To combat this effect we are uploading a large selection of the most important documents from these files – thousands in total - to our powerful site database. You can search and sort by date, subject and other parameters, getting as close as anyone can now get to reconstructing the Prime Minister’s daily "Red Boxes", the rich diet of foreign and domestic policy papers submitted to her by the No.10 Private Office.

list & links to the files

Secret no more

 

Below are links to the downloadable files in numerical order. The subject terms are those used in the original filing system. Files held back from release are listed in red.

An average file has around 200 pages.

You can read here an account of how filing worked at No.10, and the system for archiving MT's Prime Ministerial papers, both of which had their quirks.

Some of these downloads are very big, as large as 75MB, though most are in the range 1-10MB. To keep sizes down, images have been compressed, though legibility should never be a problem. High quality copies can also be supplied, where a need is established, on application to the site editor.

Where documents within a file have been selected for the site database, they can easily be viewed by clicking the link after the file name ("Selected PREM19/959"), as well as via conventional searches from the archive search screen. Over time most files will have had documents selected in this way, but it will take time and care is being taken not to allow the site database to become so large as to be unmanageable.

You can sort each column by clicking on its title in bold at the top, a powerful tool to find all the files on a particular subject over several years.

You can also search the list from the box on the right. The term "Public Spending", for example, will produce all the parts of the main file on that topic.

engagement diaries

An alternative way through the material is to read MT's engagement diaries, jumping day to day.

The engagement diaries link directly to relevant documents in the site database, so this is a good way to recover the perspective from the Red Box.

 

Link to full file File name Begins Ends Date of release Any docs withheld? File classification Pagessort descending Link to selections
PREM19/1335 Nationalised industries (Coal mines) (Part 14) 1984 Oct 20 1984 Nov 20 2014 Jan 3 1 Secret 333
PREM19/387 Afghanistan (Internal Situation) (Part 5) 1980 Apr 10 1981 Sep 14 2011 Dec 30 Top Secret 333
PREM19/1082 Local government (Future of rating system; alternatives to domestic rates; rate limitation schemes) (Part 2) 1982 Jul 23 1983 Jun 29 2013 Aug 1 Secret 334
PREM19/1615 Regional Policy (Inner city policy: Urban Programme; illegal rate setting by Liverpool City Council; appointment of commissioners; reorganisation of schools) (Part 5) 1984 Apr 27 1985 Jan 28 2014 Dec 30 Secret 334
PREM19/101 Parliament (Legislative programme) (Part 2) 1979 Jul 12 1979 Nov 23 2009 Dec 30 Secret 334
PREM19/1191 Economic policy (Public Spending) (Part 27) 1984 Mar 2 1984 Aug 22 2014 Jan 3 Secret 335
PREM19/761 France (Internal situation) (Part 1) 1979 Apr 12 1982 Jan 25 2012 Dec 28 2 Confidential 335
PREM19/506 Ireland (Hunger strike at the Maze Prison, Northern Ireland; the 'Dirty Protest') (Part 5) 1981 Jul 3 1981 Aug 28 2011 Dec 30 Secret 335
PREM19/505 Ireland (Hunger strike at the Maze Prison, Northern Ireland; the 'Dirty Protest') (Part 4) 1981 May 20 1981 Jul 2 2011 Dec 30 Secret 336
PREM19/1197 Economic policy (Budget) (Part 11) 1983 Mar 17 1984 Feb 28 2014 Jan 3 Secret 336
PREM19/441 Economic policy (Domestic monetary policy) (Part 8) 1981 Mar 18 1981 Aug 17 2011 Dec 30 Secret 337
PREM19/717 Economic policy (Public Spending) (Part 19) 1982 Mar 12 1982 Jul 25 2012 Dec 28 Secret 337
PREM19/471 Germany (Prime Minister's meetings with Chancellor Schmidt in Bonn, November 1980 and November 1981: Anglo-German Summits) (Part 2) 1980 Jun 4 1981 Nov 18 2011 Dec 30 Top Secret 338
PREM19/1200 Economic policy (International banking system) (Part 3) 1983 Sep 1 1984 Feb 24 2014 Jan 3 Secret 338
PREM19/1284 Iraq (Internal situation; Iran-Iraq War; threat to Gulf oil supplies) (Part 4) 1984 Feb 16 1984 Aug 31 2014 Jan 3 Top Secret 338

Pages